NEW YORK: Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has said that three generations of Kashmiris have only seen brutal oppression and broken promises; this is the most certain failure of the United Nations.
Addressing the UN General Assembly session in New York on Wednesday, he proposed four-point peace initiative with India.
He proposed that Pakistan and India formalize and respect the 2003 understanding for a complete ceasefire on the Line of Control in Kashmir. For this purpose, he called for UNMOGIP’s expansion to monitor the observance of the ceasefire.
Secondly, he proposed that Pakistan and India reaffirm that they will not resort to use or the threat of use of force under any circumstances. He pointed out that this is a central element of the UN Charter.
Thirdly, the Prime Minister proposed steps be taken to demilitarize Kashmir. He said that Pakistan and India should agree to an unconditional mutual withdrawal from Siachen Glacier, the world’s highest battleground.
He said that an easing of threat perceptions through such peace efforts will make it possible for Pakistan and India to agree on a broad range of measures to address the peril posed by offensive and advanced weapons systems. He said that Pakistan neither wants to, nor is it engaged in, an arms race in South Asia.
He said as a responsible nuclear weapon state, Pakistan will continue to support the objectives of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The Prime Minister said South Asia needs strategic stability and this requires serious dialogue to achieve nuclear restraint, conventional balance and conflict resolution.
The prime minister said that when he assumed the office in June 2013, for the third time, it was one of his first priorities to normalize relations with India. “I reached out to the Indian leadership to emphasize that our common enemy was poverty and underdevelopment. Cooperation, not confrontation, should define our relationship,” he said.
“Yet today ceasefire violations along the Line of Control and the Working Boundary are intensifying, causing civilian deaths including women and children,” he added. "Pakistan neither wants to, nor is it engaged in, an arms race in South Asia," he said.
"As a responsible nuclear weapon state, Pakistan will continue to support the objectives of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation” he said. We have maintained the highest standards of nuclear security and have established an effective regime to ensure the safety and security of our nuclear facilities and stocks.
Referring to the menace of terrorism, the Prime Minister emphasized the need to address the underlying causes of the challenge.
He pointed out that Muslims are suffering across the world: Palestinians and Kashmiris oppressed by foreign occupation; persecuted minorities; and the discrimination against Muslim refugees fleeing persecution or war.
“Pakistan is determined to work towards peace in Afghanistan. The tensions between Pakistan and Afghanistan are in neither country s interest” he added.
On operation Zarb-e-Azb, he said that operation Zarb-e-Azb is largest operation against terrorism ever and involves 180,000 military personnel. He said Pakistan looks forward to playing its part to build a brighter era of peace and prosperity in South Asia.